A Roman Garden With Bellflowers


An ancient Roman sculpture garden is recreated at the Courtyard of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum.


At this time of year, chimney bellflowers (Campanula pyramidalis) appear in the courtyard. The flowers are grown from seed and take two years to reach their six-foot height!

Quite an impressive work of horticulture.

“Isn’t it enough to see that a garden is beautiful without having to believe that there are fairies at the bottom of it too?”
– Douglas Adams



The Fabric of Society

It’s interesting how a piece of fabric can give insights on the larger society.

Who made it? How much did it cost? For whom? For what purpose?

A piece of fabric from a period can reflect how economics, politics, fashion, culture, and values are  interwoven to form a structure that holds everything together — the fabric of society.


(At the Early Italian Room of the Isabella Gardner Museum in Boston, MA.)


The Mound That Gave Massachusetts Its Name

(Moswetuset Hummock, as seen from Quincy Shore Drive in the Fall.)

There seems to be consensus that Massachusetts is named after the indigenous people living in the area.

What is not unanimous is where the name of the tribe came from. It is commonly translated as “near the great hill,” possibly referring to the Blue Hills south of Boston. Alternatively, it is represented as “Moswetuset” from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock in Quincy (shown above). Moswetuset means “hill shaped like an arrowhead.”

Whichever is the correct origin of the name, it is clearly rooted in the Earth.
from thefreedictionary.com
hummock (noun)
: a low mound or ridge of earth; a knoll.

hill (noun) :
: a small heap, pile, or mound.